The Dick and Carey Model is an instructional systems design (ISD) model taking a systems approach and based on the research of Walter Dick of Florida State University and Lou and James Carey of the University of South Florida.

The model has nine steps:

  1. Assess needs to determine learning goals.
  2. Conduct instructional analysis, or identification of the skills, knowledge and attitudes learners need to be able to succeed.
  3. Analyze learners and their contexts.
  4. Write performance objectives based on the instructional analysis.
  5. Develop assessment instruments to measure learners’ ability to perform the objectives from step 4.
  6. Develop instructional strategy, including pre-instructional activities, instruction, practice and feedback, testing, and follow-up activities.
  7. Develop and select instructional materials, typically including a learner’s manual, instructor’s guides, multimedia, and assessments.
  8. Design and conduct a formative assessment to determine how to improve instruction. This assessment can be a one-on-one evaluation, small group evaluation or field evaluation.
  9. Revise instruction based on the data collected in step 8.

While not part of the ISD model, Dick, Carey and Carey note that after training, there should be a summative assessment to evaluate “the absolute and/or relative value or worth of the instruction.”

Share