The Dick and Carey Model is an instructional systems design (ISD) model taking a systems approach and based on the research of Walter Dick of Florida State University and Lou and James Carey of the University of South Florida.
The model has nine steps:
- Assess needs to determine learning goals.
- Conduct instructional analysis, or identification of the skills, knowledge and attitudes learners need to be able to succeed.
- Analyze learners and their contexts.
- Write performance objectives based on the instructional analysis.
- Develop assessment instruments to measure learners’ ability to perform the objectives from step 4.
- Develop instructional strategy, including pre-instructional activities, instruction, practice and feedback, testing, and follow-up activities.
- Develop and select instructional materials, typically including a learner’s manual, instructor’s guides, multimedia, and assessments.
- Design and conduct a formative assessment to determine how to improve instruction. This assessment can be a one-on-one evaluation, small group evaluation or field evaluation.
- Revise instruction based on the data collected in step 8.
While not part of the ISD model, Dick, Carey and Carey note that after training, there should be a summative assessment to evaluate “the absolute and/or relative value or worth of the instruction.”